Studs & Nuts

The stud is threaded according to the specifications set by ASME B1.1. The term “thread pitch” refers to the steepness of the angle of thread, which is measured in threads per inch. The most used thread is the symmetrical thread pitch type with a “V-profile” (a 60-degree angle), as it is easier for the manufacturer to inspect compared to the non-symmetrical types.

Thread series relate to the diameter and pitch combinations, measured by the number of threads per inch (“TPI”) applied to a single diameter:

• Coarse thread series (UNC/UNRC): UNC is the most common type for screws, bolts, and nuts. Coarse threads are used for threads in low strength materials such as iron, mild steel, copper and softer alloy, aluminum, etc. The coarse thread is also more tolerant of adverse conditions and it facilitates quick assembly.

• Fine thread series (UNF/UNRF): UNF is widely used for precision duties and when higher tensile strength is required (vs. the coarse thread series).

• 8-Thread series (8UN): 8UN is the elective threading method for several ASTM standards including A193 B7, A193 B8/B8M, and A320. This series is widely used for diameters from one inch upwards Stud bolts covered by the ASTM A193 or A320 Specifications use 8UN for all diameters 1” and above, which means that there are 8 threads per inch for these sizes. For any other material grade, the buyer shall specify the thread pitch unless it is given by the applicable ASTM norm.